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Diabetic Eye Exams in Port Moody

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Caring for the Diabetic Eye

You probably already understand that diabetes is a disease affecting the sugar content of the blood. But did you know that since blood powers the entire body, it can have serious effects on the eye

For people with diabetes, eye health needs to be monitored closely. Left unchecked, diabetes can result in permanent and significant vision loss. So how can this devastating result be avoided? The first step is an eye exam.

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The Importance of the Diabetic Eye Exam

Diabetic patients should receive an eye exam at least once a year after diagnosis. The exam frequency allows your optometrist to track even minor changes, look for signs of diabetic eye disease, monitor previously diagnosed eye diseases, and ensure the patient’s overall eye health is relatively strong.

Even if your family doctor checks your eyes, you still need to regularly see an optometrist or ophthalmologist. Only an actual eye doctor has the technology to conduct the tests you require.

Diabetic Retinopathy

According to Diabetes Canada, diabetes is the leading cause of preventable blindness. Almost all Canadians with diabetes are experiencing some form of diabetic retinopathy, the most common diabetes-related eye problem.

When you have a high blood glucose level for an extended time, it begins to damage the blood vessels in your eye, particularly those in your retina. These blood vessels begin to bleed into the eye, decreasing your vision.

As the disease progresses, the retina gets less and less oxygen-bearing blood, causing it to decay slowly. Your eye attempts to replace the damaged blood vessels by growing new, irregular ones. These new blood vessels contribute to the leakage into the vitreous, adding to vision loss.Diabetic retinopathy can lead to other common diabetes-related eye conditions, including retinal detachment and macular edema.

Symptoms of Diabetic Retinopathy

There are often no symptoms in the early stages of diabetic retinopathy, so it’s important to have regular eye exams. However, once the disease starts to advance, patients may notice:

  • Blurry vision
  • Double vision
  • Sudden loss of vision
  • Sudden flashes of light
  • Decreased corneal sensitivity
  • Changes to preexisting refractive errors
  • Floaters or shadows in the field of vision

Treating Diabetic Eye Disease

There is no cure for diabetic retinopathy. However, there are options to slow down progression or to prevent vision loss. Common treatment options include medicine (injection), laser treatment, cataract lens surgery, or vitrectomy.


Injections of an anti-VEGF medicine or corticosteroids can help shrink irregular blood vessels and reduce inflammation. After the procedure, you may be prescribed antibiotic eye drops to prevent infection.

Laser treatment for diabetic retinopathy uses scatter laser (or panretinal photocoagulation) to shrink irregular blood vessels. It typically requires more than one treatment session and may be used alongside other treatment methods.

Diabetes increases the risk of developing cataracts. A cataract (clouding of the eye lens) can develop if you have diabetic eye disease.

An intraocular lens implant (IOL) replaces the eye’s natural lens during cataract lens surgery. Although it doesn’t affect the health of the retina or blood vessels, the artificial lens can improve visual ability.

A vitrectomy is an operation where an eye doctor removes the vitreous (fluid inside your eye) and replaces it with a saline solution. The procedure varies depending on eye health, but the operation typically includes mitigating bleeding, removing scarring, or repairing tissue.

The best way to avoid vision loss is to prevent diabetic retinopathy with regular eye exams, and effectively manage your blood sugar levels.

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Your Eye Care Team for Diabetic Eye Exams

Protecting your sight and health begins with regular eye exams. Most symptoms can be managed or treated if diagnosed early. Our eye care team can work with you to plan your eye health.

If you have questions about diabetic eye disease or vision changes, we’re here to help. Book an appointment to keep watch over your eye health.

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Our Location

Our office is located in Heritage Mountain Plaza, right across from Port Moody City Hall. Parking is available in the parking lot directly in front of our practice. 

If you’re having trouble finding us, please don’t hesitate to give us a call!

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Our Address

  • 260-221 Ioco Rd
  • Port Moody, BC V3H 4H2

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